Hello, you look nice today. Have you done something new with your hair? No, seriously, it really suits you.

Anyway, the reason you’re here is hopefully because you enjoyed my book and perhaps want to know more about some of the things I mentioned?  I really hope that’s the case, because that’s the raison d’etre for my entire career. My job is to be a go-between; to demystify the supposedly boring or irrelevant subject of history, and to make it accessible to all. For me, success isn’t having you read my book, it’s seeing you then want to read someone else’s afterwards. To achieve this, I have tried to scoop up a huge amount of information from hundreds of books, journals and articles, and then framed all that information in an easy-to-read book.

But I didn’t discover all those things myself. All the credit for their discovery must go to the expert historians beavering away in their own fields of enquiry. History is a collaborative discipline – a vast edifice of constantly changing knowledge – and it is constructed by countless squadrons of tireless scholars who focus on their own fields and then unselfishly share their findings with the rest of us.

In case you’re curious, I was initially planing on a career as a medieval literature specialist. My intended PhD was going to be on humour and satire in Middle English, but I couldn’t afford it. A career in telly won my soul instead. More recently, my own specialised area of interest has been the slave-turned-boxer, Bill Richmond. After 5 years of archival research I had hoped to write his first biography but I could not get sufficient publisher interest, and instead was commissioned to write A Million Years In A Day. I’m now very pleased to see that Luke Williams has written it instead – Richmond is a fascinating character, and deserves to be better known.

But, though I am interested in pretty much anything historical, I have never been an expert in anything other than Bill Richmond’s life, or medieval fart jokes. To tell the story of toilets, underpants, timekeeping and the rest, I was indebted to other historians. It’s only thanks to their superhuman curiosity, diligence, and talent that I was even remotely capable of scribbling this book.

…Well, that, and a massive amount of chocolate biscuits.

And there’s more! Because I wrote this book without a research assistant, my heartfelt thanks also go to the expert #twitterstorians who so graciously read my manuscript and suggested improvements/pointed out glaring errors. Not only are they esteemed scholars but they are also friendly, witty, and engaging. If you are on Twitter, I suggest you follow them all: Dr Peter Frankopan, Dr John Gallagher, Amber Butchart, Fern Riddell, Dr Kate Wiles, Dr Sophie Hay, Dr Sara OwenDr Matthew Pope, Dr Rebekah Higgitt, Dr Vanessa Heggie, Dr Chris Naunton, Dr Gillian Kenny and Dr Sara Perry.

A Million Years In A Day was not intended as a definitive history of daily life, but as a tasting menu of lovely historical morsels that I’ve gleaned over a decade of professional curiosity. But, if you want to go deeper into the detail, I’ve included a suggested reading list of other fantastic books worthy of your perusal. As corny as it sounds, researching this book has changed the way I think about the world, and I hope it’s going to do the same for you too. Plus, you might find yourself doing better at pub quizzes!

Below that, you’ll also find a much more lengthy bibliography. It’s not listing absolutely everything I read, as I had a laptop crisis that lost some of my early notes, but it’s hopefully good enough.

So, thanks for buying this book and embarking on this journey of discovery. I hope it surprised, delighted, and puzzled you as much as it did me.

Best wishes,




  • TIME
    Empires of Time: Calendars, Clocks, and Cultures, Anthony F. Aveni
    (Basic Books, 1989)
  • Time’s Pendulum: The Quest to Capture Time – From Sundials to Atomic
    Clocks, Jo Ellen Barnett (Perseus Books, 1998)
  • The History of Clocks and Watches, Eric Bruton (Black Cat, 1989)
  • At Night’s Close: Time in Times Past, A. Roger Ekrich (Phoenix, 2006)
  • The History of Time: A Very Short Introduction, Leofranc Holford-
    Strevens (Oxford University Press, 2005)
  • Seize the Daylight: The Curious and Contentious Story of Daylight Saving
    Time, David S. Prerau (Thunder’s Mouth Press, 2005)


  • Privies and Water Closets, David J. Everleigh (Shire Publications, 2008)
  • Flushed: How The Plumber Saved Civilization, W. Hodding Carter (Atria,
  • Sitting Pretty: An Uninhibited History of the Toilet, Julie L. Horan
    (Robson, 1998)
  • Bum Fodder: An Absorbing History of Toilet Paper, Richard Smyth
    (Souvenir Press, 2012)
  • Clean and Decent: The Fascinating History of the Bathroom and the Water
    Closet, Lawrence Wright (Penguin, 2000)


  • Food in the Ancient World, Joan P. Alcock (Greenwood Press, 2006)
  • Oxford Companion to Food, Alan Davidson (Oxford University Press, 1999)
  • Food: A Culinary History, Jean-Louis Flandrin & Massimo Montanari
    (eds.), Albert Sonnenfeld (trans.) (Columbia University Press, 2013)
  • Feast: Why Humans Share Food, Martin Jones (Oxford University Press,
  • The Cambridge World History of Food (2 vols.), Kenneth F. Kiple &
    Kriemhild Conee Ornelas (eds.) (Cambridge University Press, 2000)
  • Bread: A Global History, William Rubel (Reaktion, 2011)
  • An Edible History of Humanity, Tom Standage (Atlantic, 2008)


  • Clean: An Unsanitized History of Washing, Katherine Ashenburg (Profile,
  • The Book of the Bath, Francoise de Bonneville (Rizzoli International, 1998)
  • Bogs, Baths & Basins, David J. Everleigh (Sutton, 2002)
  • Clean: A History of Personal Hygiene and Purity, Virginia Smith (Oxford
    University Press, 2008)


  • Amazing Dogs: A Cabinet of Canine Curiosities, Jan Bondeson (Amberley,
  • A Perfect Harmony: The Intertwining Lives of Animals Throughout History, Roger A. Caras (Purdue University Press, 2001)
  • Some We Love, Some We Hate, Some We Eat: Why It’s So Hard to Think
    Straight About Animals, Hal Herzog (Harper Perennial, 2011)
  • Looking at Animals in Human History, Linda Kalof (Reaktion, 2007)
  • Reigning Cats and Dogs: A History of Pets At Court Since the Renaissance,
    Katherine MacDonogh (Fourth Estate, 1999)
  • In the Company of Animals: A Study of Human–Animal Relationships,
    James Serpell (Cambridge University Press, 1996)
  • Medieval Pets, Kathleen Walker-Meikle (Boydell, 2014)


  • Masters of the Post: The Authorized History of the Royal Mail, Duncan
    Campbell-Smith, (Penguin, 2012)
  • America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940, Claude S.
    Fischer (University of California Press, 1994)
  • Revolutions in Communication: Media History from Gutenberg to the
    Digital Age, Bill Kovarik (Continuum, 2011)
  • The Invention of News: How the World Came to Know About Itself,
    Andrew Pettegree (Yale University Press, 2014)
  • The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the
    Nineteenth Century’s On-Line Pioneers, Tom Standage (Bloomsbury,
  • Writing on the Wall: Social Media The First 2000 Years, Tom Standage
    (Bloomsbury, 2013)


  • The Devil’s Cloth: A History of Stripes, Michel Pastoureau (Columbia
    University Press, 2001)
  • Cotton: The Fabric that Made the Modern World, Georgio Riello (Cambridge University Press, 2013)
  • Japanese Fashion: A Cultural History, Toby Slade (Berg, 2009)
  • The Berg Companion to Fashion, Valerie Steele (ed.) (Berg, 2010)


  • Food in Chinese Culture: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives,
    K.C. Chang (ed.) (Yale University Press, 1977)
  • Around the Roman Table: Food and Feasting in Ancient Rome, Patrick
    Faas (Chicago University Press, 2009)
  • The Art of Dining: A History of Cooking & Eating, Sara Paston-Williams
    (National Trust Books, 2012)
  • The Invention of the Restaurant: Paris and Modern Gastronomic Culture,
    Rebecca L. Spang (Harvard University Press, 2001)
  • The Rituals of Dinner: The Origins, Evolution, Eccentricities and Meaning
    of Table Manners, Margaret Visser (Penguin, 1992)
  • Consider The Fork: A History of How We Cook and Eat, Bee Wilson
    (Penguin, 2013)


  • Man Walks into a Pub: A Sociable History of Beer, Peter Brown (Pan,
  • The Spirits of America: A Social History of Alcohol, Eric Burns (Temple
    University Press, 2004)
  • And a Bottle of Rum: A History of the New World in Ten Cocktails, Wayne
    Curtis (Three Rivers, 2007)
  • Drink: A Cultural History of Alcohol, Iain Gately (Gotham Books, 2009)
  • An Inebriated History of Britain, Peter Haydon (The History Press, 2005)
  • The Story of Wine, Hugh Johnson (Mitchell Beazley, 2004)
  • Uncorking the Past: The Quest for Wine, Beer, and Other Alcoholic Beverages,
    Patrick E. McGovern (University of California Press, 2011)
  • Champagne – Classic Wine Collection, Maggie McNie (Faber and Faber,
  • A History of the World in Six Glasses, Tom Standage (Atlantic Books, 2007)


  • Medicine in the Days of the Pharaohs, Bruno Halioua & Bernard Ziskind
    (Harvard University Press, 2005)
  • The Making of the Dentiste, c. 1650–1760, Roger King (Ashgate, 1998)
  • The Greatest Benefit to Mankind: A Medical History of Humanity from
    Antiquity to the Present, Roy Porter (Fontana, 1999)
  • The Excruciating History of Dentistry, James Wynbrandt (St Martin’s Press, 2000)


  • At Home: A Short History of Private Life, Bill Bryson (Black Swan, 2011)
    Sleeping Around: The Bed from Antiquity to Now, Annie Carlano & Bobbie Sumburg (University of Washington Press, 2006)


  • The Time Traveller’s Guide To Medieval England, Ian Mortimer (Vintage,
  • If Walls Could Talk, Lucy Worsley (Faber and Faber, 2012)
  • The Horse, The Wheel, and Language: How Bronze Age Eurasian Riders
    Shaped the Modern World, David W. Anthony (Princeton University
    Press, 2010)
  • Pompeii: The Life of a Roman Town, Mary Beard (Profile, 2009)
  • China’s Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang Dynasty, Charles D. Benn
    (Oxford University Press, 2004)
  • Handbook To Life in Ancient Mesopotamia, Stephen Bertman (Facts On
    File, 2003)
  • Daily Life in Ancient Rome: the People and the City at the Height of
    Empire, Jerome Carcopino (Penguin, 1991)
  • The Oxford Illustrated History of Prehistoric Europe, Barry Cunliffe
    (Oxford Paperbacks, 2001)
  • Cro-Magnon: How the Ice Age Gave Birth to the First Modern Humans,
    Brian Fagan (Bloomsbury, 2010)
  • Science: A 4000 Year History, Patricia Fara (Oxford University Press,
  • Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks, Robert Garland (Hackett, 2008)
  • The Leopard’s Tale: Revealing the Mysteries of Catalhoyuk, Ian Hodder
    (Thames and Hudson, 2011)
  • Furniture: A Concise History, Edward Lucie-Smith (Thames and Hudson,
  • A Cabinet of Roman Curiosities, J.C. McKeown (OUP USA, 2010)
  • Ancient Worlds, Richard Miles (Cambridge University Press, 2008)
  • The Prehistory of the Mind: A Search for the Origins of Art, Religion and
    Science, Steven Mithen (Phoenix, 1998)
  • The Indus Civilisation: A Contemporary Perspective, Gregory L. Possehl
    (AltaMira, 2010)
  • The Lost Civilisations of the Stone Age: A Journey Back to Our Cultural
    Origins, Richard Rudgley (Century, 1998)
  • The Cambridge Companion to the Aegean Bronze Age, Cynthia W.
    Shelmerdine (Cambridge University Press 2008)
  • Life of the Ancient Egyptians, Eugen Strouhal, Deryck Viney, Werner
    Forman & Geoffrey T. Martin (Liverpool University Press, 1997)




  • Toilet: Public Restrooms and the Politics of Sharing, edited by Harvey Luskin Molotch, Laura Norén
  • “Evidence-based palaeopathology: Meta-analysis of PubMed-listed scientific studies on ancient Egyptian mummies”, HOMO – Journal of Comparative Human BiologyVolume 60, Issue 5, September 2009, Pages 405–427 by L. Zweifel, Th. Büni, F.J. Rühli
  • Oral pathologies of the Neolithic Iceman, c. 3,300 BC.” European Journal of Oral Sciences, 2013, Roger Seiler, Andrew I Spielman, Albert Zink, Frank Rühli.
  • “Bedding, hearths, and site maintenance in the Middle Stone Age of Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.” By Goldberg P, Miller CE, Schiegl S, Ligouis B, Berna F, Conard NJ, Wadley L.; Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, July 2009, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 95-122
  • “Palaeontology: Early Neolithic tradition of dentistry” by Coppa, L. Bondioli, A. Cucina, D. W. Frayer, C. Jarrige , J. -F. Jarrige, G. Quivron, M. Rossi, M. Vidale & R. Macchiarelli in Nature440, 755-756 (6 April 2006)
  • “The yuck factor: The surprising power of disgust,” by Alison George, New Scientist Magazine, 20 July 2012
  • Concepts of Cleanliness: Changing Attitudes in France since the Middle Ages, by Georges Vigarello (translated by Jean Birrell)
  • Cleanby Katherine Ashenburg
  • The Book of the Bath, by Francoise de Bonneville
  • Clean and Decent: The Fascinating History of the Bathroom and the Water Closet by Lawrence Wright 
  • “Cleanliness and godliness in early modern England” in Religion, culture and society in early modern Britain: Essays in Honour of Patrick Collinson, by Keith Thomas
  • Asceticism in the Graeco-Roman World, by Richard Finn
  • Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and Taboo, by Mary Douglas
  • Clean: A History of Personal Hygiene and Purity, by Virginia Smith
  • Bogs, Baths & Basins, by David J Everleigh
  • Bum Fodder: An Absorbing History of Toilet Paper, by Richard Smyth
  • Sitting Pretty: An Uninhibited History of the Toilet, by Julie L. Horan
  • Cooperative Sanitation: Managing Streets and Gutters in Late Medieval England and Scandinavia, by Dolly Jørgensen in Technology and Culture, Volume 49, Number 3, July 2008
  • Privies and Waterclosets, by David J Everleigh
  • Flushed, by Hodding Carter
  • Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks, by Robert Garland
  • The Dental Chair – Early Development, by Richard A Glenner, DDS, Journal of The History of Dentistry, Vol. 48, Issue 1, 2000
  • “Levi Spear Parmly: Father of Dental Hygiene and Children’s Dentistry in America”, David Chernin and Gerald Shklar, Journal of The History of Dentistry, Vol. 51, Issue 1, 2003
  • “St. Apollonia: The Patron Saint of Dentistry”, by Ryan Donnelly, DDS, Pierre Fauchard Academy Website http://www.fauchard.org/history/articles/article_list.html
  • Medicine In The Days of the Pharaohs, by Bruno Halioua and Bernard Ziskind
  • The Roots of Ayurveda, translated by Dominik Wujastyk
  • Medicine In China: A History of Ideas, by Paul U. Unschuld
  • The Greatest Benefit To Mankind: a Medical History of Humanity From Antiquity To The Present, by Roy Porter
  • The Story of Fluoridation  http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/oralhealth/topics/fluoride/thestoryoffluoridation.htm
  • The practice of dentistry in ancient Egypt, by R. J. Forshaw in British Dental Journal 206, 481 – 486 (2009) http://www.nature.com/bdj/journal/v206/n9/full/sj.bdj.2009.355.htm
  • British Dental Association Online Museum http://www.bda.org/museum/the-story-of-dentistry/
  • Earliest evidence of dental caries manipulation in the Late Upper Palaeolithic, by Gregorio Oxilia, Marco Peresani, Matteo Romandini, Chiara Matteucci, Cynthianne Debono Spiteri, Amanda G. Henry, Dieter Schulz, Will Archer, Jacopo Crezzini, Francesco Boschin, Paolo Boscato, Klervia Jaouen, Tamara Dogandzic, Alberto Broglio, Jacopo Moggi-Cecchi, Luca Fiorenza, Jean-Jacques Hublin, Ottmar Kullmer & Stefano Benazzi
    Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 12150 (2015)
  • G.Toothpicking and periodontal disease in a Neanderthal specimen from Cova Foradà site (Valencia, Spain). by Lozano, M., Subirà, M., Aparicio, J., Lorenzo, C. & Gómez-Merino, PLoS One 8, e76852 (2013).
  • “Pierre Fauchard and his role in the development of obturators”, by C. D. Lynch, C. T. MacGillycuddy, V. R. O’Sullivan, BRITISH DENTAL JOURNAL Vol. 199 No. 9 Nov 12th
  • Sleeping Around: The Bed From Antiquity To Now, by Annie Carlano and Bobbie Sumburg
  • If Walls Could Talk, by Lucy Worsley
  • Life Of The Ancient Egyptians, by Eugen Strouhal, Deryck Viney, Werner Forman and Geoffrey T. Martin
  • Handbook To Life In Ancient Mesopotamia, by Stephen Bertman
  • The Indus Civilisation, by Gregory L. Possehl
  • The Time Traveller’s Guide To Medieval England, by Ian Mortimer
  • The Leopard’s Tale: Revealing the Mysteries of Catalhoyuk by Ian Hodder
  • Daily Life In Ancient Rome, by Jerome Carcopino
  • Domestic Space in Classical Antiquity, by Lisa C. Nevett
  • At Night’s Close: Time in Times Past, by A. Roger Ekrich
  • Time’s Pendulum: The Quest to Capture Time – From Sundials to Atomic Clocks, by Jo Ellen Barnett
  • Time: Its Origin, Its Enigma, Its History, by Alexander Waugh
  • The Archaeology of Measurement, by Colin Renfrew and Iain Morley
  • The History of Clocks and Watches, by Eric Bruton
  • Mapping Time: The Calendar and its History, by E.G. Richards
  • The Oxford Companion To The Year, by Bonnie Blackburn & Leofranc Holford-Strevens
  • The Calendar: The 5000 Year Struggle to Align The Clock and the Heavens – and What Happened To The Missing Ten Days, by David Ewing Duncan
  • “Thieves Lead to Discovery of Egypt Tombs” by Sarah Millman, Associated Press, 2006
  • The Making Of The Dentiste, c. 1650-1760, by Roger King
  • The Excruciating History of Dentistry, by James Wynbrandt
  • The Middle East: 2000 Years Of History From The Birth of Christianity, by Bernard Lewis
  • One Time Fits All: The Campaigns for Global Uniformity, By Ian R. Bartky
  • Edward VII: The Last Victorian King, Christopher Hibbert
  • Empires of Time: Calendars, Clocks, and Cultures, by Anthony F. Aveni
  • Seize The Daylight: The Curious and Contentious Story of Daylight Saving Time by David S. Prerau
  • The History of Time: A Very Short Introduction, by Leofranc Holford-Strevens
  • Science: a 4000 Year History, by Patricia Fara
  • Heavenly Clockwork: The Great Astronomical Clocks of Medieval China, By Joseph Needham, Ling Wang, Derek John de Solla Price
  • The Cloaca Maxima and the Monumental Manipulation of Water in Archaic Rome” by John N. N. Hopkins, http://www3.iath.virginia.edu/waters/Journal4Hopkins.pdf
  • The Horse, The Wheel, and Language, by David W. Anthony
  • Ancient Worlds, by Richard Miles
  • The Oxford Illustrated History of Prehistoric Europe, by Barry Cunliffe
  • The Lost Civilisations of the Stone Age, by Richard Rudgley
  • Cro-Magnon: How the Ice Age Gave Birth To the First Modern Humans, by Brian Fagan
  • The Odyssey, by Homer (trans. Robert Fagles)
  • Archaeologica: The World’s Most Significant Sites and Cultural Treasures by Aedeen Cremin
  • Bathing in Public in the Roman World, By Garrett G. Fagan
  • Water and Society in Early Medieval Italy, AD 400-1000, Parts 400-1000, By Paolo Squatriti
  • Advertising to the American Woman: 1900 – 1999, By Daniel Delis Hill
  • Soap, Sex, and Cigarettes: A Cultural History of American Advertising, By Juliann Sivulka
  • “Scribonius Largus, the Unknown Pharmacologist(1995) by Vivian Nutton,  Pharmaceutical History, 25, 5-8
  • Ancient Medicine, by Vivian Nutton
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  • The Crimes of Elagabalus: The Life and Legacy of Rome’s Decadent Boy Emperor, by Martijn Icks
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  • The Making of Late Antiquity, Peter Brown
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  • Beer, Health and Nutrition by C.W. Bamforth http://www2.udec.cl/~erhetz/Beer_-_Health_and_Nutrition.pdf
  • Daimon Drink: Ancient Greek and Roman Explanations for Drunkeness, Steven W. Thompson  
  • “Drinking Beer in a Blissful Mood” Alcohol Production, Operational Chains, and Feasting in the Ancient World” – by Justin Jennings, Kathleen L. Antrobus, Sam J. Atencio, Erin Glavich, Rebecca Johnson, German Loffler, and Christine Luu, Current Anthropology Volume 46, Number 2, April 2005
  • “Drink: The British Disease?” ByJames Nicholls, History Today, Volume: 60 Issue: 1 2010
  • “Tooth transplantation: a controversial story” – A shortened version of a lecture given to the Scottish Society for the History of Medicine on June 15, 2002 by Henry W. Noble
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  • “Baths and Bathing in Ancient Greece.” By Angelica G. Panayotatou, Section of the History of Medicine 1919
  • Ancient Egyptian Astronomy: Timekeeping And Cosmography In The New Kingdom”, Sarah Symonds, PhD Thesis, University of Leicester, 1999
  • “Domestication and migrations: Using mitochondrial DNA to infer domestication processes of goats and horses” by Pascale Gerbaulta, *, Michela Leonardib, *, Adam Powella, c, Christine Weberb, Norbert Benecked, Joachim Burgerb, Mark G. Thomasa,- In: Kaiser E, Schier W, Burger J (eds),
  • Population dynamics in Prehistory and Early History. New Approaches by Stable Isotopes and Genetics, DE GRUYTER, Ed. by Kaiser, Elke / Burger, Joachim / Schier, Wolfram, 2012 http://www.degruyter.com/view/product/179228
  • Bundling: Its Origin, Progress, and Decline in America, Henry Reed Stiles
  • The Age of Comfort: When Paris Discovered Casual–and the Modern Home Began, By Joan DeJean
  • Palaeoparasitology in Japan – Discovery of Toilet Features”, in Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz vol.98  suppl.1 Rio de Janeiro Jan. 2003, by Akira Matsui/+, Masaaki Kanehara*, Masako Kanehara**
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  • Babylonians (Peoples of the Past, 1), by H. W. F. Saggs,
  • Topkapi Palace, Claire Karaz
  • Inner Harmony of the Japanese House, by Atsushi Ueda
  • Furniture: A Concise History, by Edward Lucie-Smith
  • Turkish House: In Search of Spatial Identity, by Onder Kucukerman
  • The Cambridge Companion to the Aegean Bronze Age, by Cynthia W. Shelmerdine
  • Conspiracy Narratives in Roman History, by Victoria Emma Pagán
  • Champagne, by Maggie McNie
  • Champagne: A Global History, by Becky Sue Epstein
  • “Can Legislation Prevent Debauchery? Mother Gin and Public Health in 18th-Century England”, in American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 91 (3), 2001 by Warner, Jessica PhD; Her, Minghao MA; Gmel, Gerhard PhD; Rehm, Jürgen PhD
  • WHO Factsheet On Alcohol, 2011 http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs349/en/index.html
  • “Alcohol Use on the Rise in India”, by Raekha Prasad , in The Lancet, Volume 373, Issue 9657, Pages 17 – 18, 3 January 2009
  • The Spirits of America, Eric Burns
  • A History of the World in Six Glasses, by Tom Standage
  • An Inebriated History of Britain, Peter Haydon
  • And A Bottle Of Rum: A History of the New World In Ten Cocktails, by Wayne Curtis
  • Man Walks Into A Pub: A Sociable History of Beer, by Peter Brown
  • Uncorking The Past: The Quest For Wine, Beer, and Other Alcoholic Beverages, by Patrick E. McGovern
  • Drink: A Cultural History of Alcohol, by Iain Gately
  • The Barbarian’s Beverage: A History of Beer In Ancient Europe, by Max Nelson
  • Alcohol and its Role in the Evolution of Human Society, by Ian S Hornsey
  • The Story of Wine, by Hugh Johnson
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  • “A Tamed Brown Bear (Ursus arctos L.) of the Late Mesolithic from La Grande-Rivoire (Isere, France)?” by Chaix L.1; Bridault A.2; Picavet R.3., in the Journal of Archaeological Science, Volume 24, Number 12, December 1997 , pp. 1067-1074(8)
  • “Fossil Bear Bones in the Belgian Upper Paleolithic: The Possibility of a Proto Bear-Ceremonialism”, by Mietje Germonpré and Riku Hämäläinen; Arctic Anthropology, Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 1–30, 2007
  • Looking At Animals in Human History, by Linda Kalof
  • Reigning Cats And Dogs: A History of Pets At Court Since The Renaissance, by Katherine Macdonogh
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  • A Cabinet of Roman Curiosities, By J. C. McKeown
  • Some We Love, Some We Hate, Some We Eat by Hal Herzog
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  • Medieval Pets by Kathleen Walker-Meikle
  • A Perfect Harmony: The Intertwining Lives of Animals Throughout History by Roger A. Caras
  • In The Company of Animals: A Study of Human-Animal Relationships by James Serpell
  • A Natural History of Domesticated Animals by Juliet Clutton-Brock
  • “Fossil dogs and wolves from Palaeolithic sites in Belgium, the Ukraine and Russia: osteometry, ancient DNA and stable isotopes” in Journal of Archaeological Science Volume 36, Issue 2, February 2009, Pages 473–490
  • “Botai and the Origins of Horse Domesticationby Marsha A. Levine, in the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 18, 29–78 (1999)
  • The genomic signature of dog domestication reveals adaptation to a starch-rich diet. By Axelsson E, Ratnakumar A, Arendt M-L, Maqbool K, Webster MT, Perloski M, Liberg O, Arnemo JM,Hedhammar Å, Lindblad-Toh K. in Nature. 2013 .
  • Study of the Molecular Basis of Tame and Aggressive Behavior in the Silver Fox Model” International Collaborative Study between The James A. Baker Institute for Animal Health, Cornell University, USA; The Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia; and Department of Biology, University of Utah, USA http://cbsu.tc.cornell.edu/ccgr/behaviour/History.htm
  • “Prehistoric Cemetery Reveals Man and Fox Were Pals” by Charles Q. Choi, in LiveScience
  • New genetic, archeological, and biogeographic perspective on dog domestication by Larson G, Karlsson E, Perri A, Webster MT, Ho SYW, Peters J, Stahl PW, Piper PJ, Lingaas F, Fredholm M et al. 2012.  Proceedings of the National Academy of SciencesEarly edition.
  • Amazing Dogs: A Cabinet of Canine Curiosities by Jan Bondeson
  • “Early taming of the cat in Cyprus” by -D. Vigne1*, J. Guilaine2,3, K. Debue1 , L. Haye2 & P. Gérard, Science. 2004 Apr 9;304(5668):259.
  • Ritual Sacrifice in Ancient Peru: New Discoveries and Interpretations, edited by Elizabeth P. Benson, Anita G. Cook
  • The Cat and the Human Imagination: Feline Images from Bast to Garfield By Katharine M. Rogers
  • The Singing Neanderthals, by Steven Mithen
  • The Prehistory of The Mind, by Steven Mithen
  • “Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language” by Wolfgang Enard1, Molly Przeworski1, Simon E. Fisher2, Cecilia S. L. Lai2, Victor Wiebe1, Takashi Kitano1, Anthony P. Monaco2 & Svante Pääbo1 in Nature418, 869-872 (22 August 2002)
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  • The Tyranny of Email by John Freeman
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  • Sundials in Medieval Islamic Science and Civilization, by J. L. Berggren http://people.math.sfu.ca/~berggren/Attachments/Dials_Publications/Islamic_sundials.pdf
  • The Sundial and Geometry: An Introduction For the Classroom, by Lawrence E. Jones http://www.wsanford.com/~wsanford/sundials/temp/its-about-time/FS_SundialAndGeometry.pdf
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  • Postal Censorship in England 1635-1844 by Susan E. Whyman
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  • “The Bell-Western Union Patent Agreement of 1879” by Ron Adner and George David Smith, at INSEAD, France. http://faculty.insead.edu/adner/research/Wester%20Union%20case%20sample.pdf
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  • “Geometric Signs: A New Understanding”, Bradshaw Foundation website http://bradshawfoundation.com/geometric_signs/geometric_signs_france.php
  • America Calling: A Social History of the Telephone to 1940, by Claude S. Fischer,
  • “Charting the “Rise of the West”: Manuscripts and Printed Books in Europe, A Long-Term Perspective from the Sixth through Eighteenth Centuries” by Buringh, Eltjo; van Zanden, Jan Luiten:, The Journal of Economic History, Vol. 69, No. 2 (2009), pp. 409–445
  • History of US Postal Service http://www.postalmuseum.si.edu/industrywhitepapers
  • Revolutions In Communication: Media History from Gutenberg to the Digital Age, by Bill Kovarik
  • Hello Central?: Gender, Technology, and Culture in the Formation of Telephone Systems, by Michele Martin, 1991
  • The Invention of News, by Andrew Pettegree (Yale University Press, 2014).
  • The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century’s On-Line Pioneers by Tom Standage
  • Writing On The Wall: Social Media The First 2000 Years, by Tom Standage
  • Making the Abstract Concrete: The Place of Geometric Signs in French Upper Paleolithic Parietal Art; by Genevieve von Petzinger,  B.A., University of Victoria, 2005
  • The Naked Woman by Desmond Morris
  • Middle Stone Age bone tools from the Howiesons Poort layers, Sibudu Cave, South Africaby Backwell L, d’Errico F, Wadley L.(2008).. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35:1566-1580
  • The “Venus” Figurines: Textiles, Basketry, Gender, and Status in the Upper Paleolithic, by O. Soffer, J. M. Adovasio, and D. C. Hyland, in Current Anthropology Volume 41, Number 4, August–October 2000 http://www.unl.edu/rhames/courses/current/venus1.pdf
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  • Cotton: The Biography of a Revolutionary Fibre by Stephen Yafa
  • The Devil’s Cloth: A History of Stripes by Michel Pastoureau
  • The Spirit of the Public Journals: Volume 7, edited by Stephen Jones, Charles Molloy Westmacott
  • “Conservation Status Of Sericulture Germplasm Resources In Japan”, by E. Kosegawa, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/ad108e/ad108e0i.htm
  • England’s Revelry: A History of Popular Sports and Pastimes by Emma Griffin
  • Medieval Lingerie’, by Beatrix Nutz, in BBC History Magazine, July 2012
  • The Cultural Evolution of Pants”, by Peter Turchin, Social Evolution Forum, The Evolution Institute website http://socialevolutionforum.com/2012/07/10/cultural-evolution-of-pants-ii/
  • “A Short History Of Denim”, by Lynn Downey, in the Levi Strauss & Co. digital archive http://www.levistrauss.com/sites/default/files/librarydocument/2010/4/History-Denim.pdf
  • Japanese Fashion: A Cultural History By Toby Slade
  • The Berg Companion to Fashion, edited by Valerie Steele
  • A Manifesto for the Study of Denim, by Daniel Miller and Sophie Woodward, Social Anthropology Volume 15, Issue 3, pages 335–351, October 2007
  • http://www.ucl.ac.uk/anthropology/people/academic_staff/d_miller/mil-12
  • Cotton: The Fabric That Made The Modern World by Georgio Riello
  • May Contain Traces of Milk: Investigating The Role of Dairy Farming and Milk Consumption in the European Neolithic, by Frederick Feulner, Nienke Laura Doorn, Michela Leonardi (Author)
  • “Thirty thousand-year-old evidence of plant food processing”, Anna Revedin et al, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,  doi: 10.1073/pnas.1006993107
  • “Cultivation of cereals by the first farmers was not more productive than foraging” by Samuel Bowles, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2011 108 (12) 4760-4765
  • “Fire did not spark human colonisation of cold Europe”, by Jessica Hamzelou, in New Scientist, 2011
  • “What Columbus Knew”, by Helen Wallis, in History Today, volume 42, issue 5, 1992
  • “The Ingredients For A 4000-Year-Old Proto-Curry,” by A. Lawler, Science, 20 July 2012: Vol. 337
  • The Cambridge World History of Food, edited by Kenneth F. Kiple & Kriemhild Conee Ornelas
  • Encyclopedia of Food and Culture, Solomon H. Katz, editor, William Woys Weaver, associate editor, 2003, Volume 1
  • Food in the Ancient World, by Joan P. Alcock [Greenwood Press: Westport CT] 2006
  • Oxford Companion to Food,by Alan Davidson, [Oxford University Press: Oxford] 1999
  • Bread: A Global History by William Rubel
  • An Edible History of Humanity, Tom Standage
  • Feast: Why Humans Share Food by Martin Jones
  • The Rituals of Dinner: The Origins, Evolution, Eccentricities and Meaning of Table Manners by Margaret Visser
  • Food: A Culinary History edited by Jean-Louis Flandrin & Massimo Montanari, translated by Albert Sonnenfeld.
  • Twilight of Splendor: The Court of Queen Victoria During Her Diamond Jubilee …By Greg King
  • The Art of Dining: A History of Cooking & Eating by Sara Paston-Williams
  • The Invention of the Restaurant : Paris and Modern Gastronomic Culture by Rebecca L Spang.
  • Around the Roman Table, Patrick Faas
  • Food in Chinese Culture: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives, C. Chang, editor
  • Consider The Fork: A History of How We Cook and Eat, by Bee Wilson


  • The Symposiacs by Plutarch
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  • American Nervousness by George Beard
  • The London Tradesman: Being a Compendious View of All the Trades, Professions, Arts, Both Liberal and Mechanic, Now Practised in the Cities of London and Westminster. Calculated for the Information of Parents, and Instruction of Youth in Their Choice of Business by Richard Campbell, 1747
  • Female Beauty, As Preserved and Improved by Regimen, Cleanliness and Dress, by Mrs A Walker, 1837
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  • The Turkish Embassy Letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, by Mary Montagu
  • The Habits of Good Society: A Handbook for Ladies and Gentlemen, anonymous 1863
  • Souvenirs et récits d’un aérostier militaire de l’armée de la Loire 1870-71, by Gaston Tissandier